What is superannuation?
Superannuation is a financial system designed to fund the retirement of Australians. By contributing to super, Australians can partly or fully self-fund their retirement or leave a legacy to their partner or children on their death.
Aside from it being compulsory, people contribute to superannuation because, typically, it attracts a lower rate of tax - allowing the fund to grow quicker than investments outside of super.
Super funds put their members' money to work in a range of investments like shares, property, bonds, cash and alternative investments.
Contributing to Super
Individuals can contribute to their superannuation fund in two ways.
1. Before tax
The first way is to use 'concessional' contributions, also known as before tax contributions.
These contributions are taken out of your salary by your employer before you receive your wage. The superannuation guarantee is mandatory and must be paid by all employers for anyone over 18 earning more $450 per month.
Your employer must contribute to your nominated super fund.
A salary sacrifice arrangement and contribution splitting (where one partner's contributions are split with the other) are other common examples of before-tax contributions.
If you are under 18, super is compulsory only if you are working 30 hours per week and earning more than $450 per month.
Self Employed Super
If you are self-employed, you may be eligible to make 'before tax' contributions to your super fund by claiming a tax deduction.
2. After tax
The other way to contribute to superannuation is by making non-concessional or after-tax contributions. For example, if you are an employee on a salary, you can invest some of the wages you receive in your superannuation fund - straight from your own pocket.
If your partner puts money in your super fund it is a spouse contribution and counts towards your after-tax contributions cap.
There are caps on how much can be contributed into super both before and after tax. Refer to the ATO's website.
Withdrawing money from Super
Money in superannuation is designed to fund your retirement. Typically, you cannot access the money until you reach preservation age (typically in your late 50's), at which time you'll retire or enter a transition to retirement strategy. Alternatively, you can wait until age 65.
You can access your money as a lump sum or income stream.
If you were to pass away, you can nominate your partner or dependent children to receive your superannuation. However, taxes may apply in some circumstances.
Other benefits of superannuation
In addition to the tax savings, your super fund may hold life insurance or other policies like income protection on your behalf.
More info on Super
Don't rely on the information presented here. Speak with your adviser or accountant before doing anything.
You can get more information on superannuation by calling your super fund or reading the fund's product disclosure statement or PDS, which contains information on the fund's strategy, risks and fees.
Track your lost super
You can track your lost super using the Government's myGov website.
Test Your Knowledge
I'm 23 and a full time employee. My boss says super is optional and he doesn't need to contribute to it if he doesn't want to.
If you earn more than $450 in a month and are over 18 (or under 18, earn $450 per month AND work more than 30 hours a week) your employer must pay the superannuation guarantee. Plus, your boss is a jerk.
Superannuation is important because every employee receives it and it is the government's answer to funding the retirement of millions of Australians - including you.
Aside from the mandatory amount of super, how else can I contribute to super before tax?
A salary sacrifice arrangement is a strategy that many people use to make before tax (concessional) contributions to super. Speak to your super fund or accountant for more information. (or just stay on our website)
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